Impact of GST on Banking sector

Impact of GST on Banking sector


GST for banks

The new GST system has increased the tax rate on transaction fees in financial services, including credit card payments, cash transfers, ATM withdrawals, processing costs for loans, etc. to 18%. As a result of the tax rate increase, individuals will now be required to pay an additional Rs 3 for every Rs 100 in levies or fees for banking activities.


The majority of banks currently impose transaction fees for cash withdrawals from various bank ATMs or from branches (first 5 transactions are free). Bank branches exchange services with one another that are taxable under the GST (and which they can subsequently claim an input tax credit for). However, this will also increase operating expenses and paperwork. The fact that business customers can claim ITC on the banking services they paid for using their business accounts is good news.


Challenges and Effects of GST on the Banking Sector

The following are some effects and difficulties that the GST will have for banks:
Growing Compliance

Almost all banks operate in many states, and since they are required by the GST to pay taxes both locally and federally, they must register in each state where they operate. They need distinct books for each branch to establish sufficient control over their usage in order to preserve this. The degree of compliance has increased as a result of this. As a result, one of the biggest effects and difficulties of the GST is an increase in compliance. Return filing has greatly increased in terms of the frequency of returns and the variety of return formats, along with the burden of GST compliance.


Leveraged and unleveraged input tax credit

The CENVAT credit has no reverse condition on capital goods, and banks and NBFCs choose to reverse 50% of the credit against inputs and input services. Under the GST, banks and NBFCs are eligible for a 50% CENVAT credit against inputs and input services. Capital goods are reversed, resulting in a 50% reduction in credit on capital goods, increasing the capital cost.


Evaluation and Decision-Making

Every bank must register for every office location. The majority of them may encounter significant GST implications and challenges as accounting and other procedures increase, which could make GST tax payment more difficult. All necessary evaluations would be made in accordance with the registration of the relevant banks.

The relevant institutions would be subject to the necessary evaluations, and they would be obliged to defend their use of the state-specific input tax credit. As they have some variances or a new strategy for the same old problems, the impending authority under GST would grow and might cause some conflict.


Tax System Revenue Recognition

As the majority of their services pertain to various sectors and segments, banks and NBFCs may experience problems with revenue recognition


Financial assistance with accounts

Professionals, businesspeople, and others can now access a variety of services anywhere in the nation, and there is also a chance that they may relocate. Since the addresses are different, this may be difficult.

On the other hand, because branches offer a variety of services related to payments and other commodities both inside and outside the state, pinpointing the location of these services might be challenging.


Non-account financial services

Because the service provider’s location is distinct from the operator’s location, providing financial services to clients who manage their bank accounts remotely and operate their businesses could have ramifications for the GST.


What advantages has the introduction of the GST had for the banking industry?

– Banks would be able to offset their GST duties against credit obtained for product purchases.

Previously, banks were unable to claim the state VAT they had paid on any purchases they had made as an input tax credit. Banks are now able to accept credit for GST paid on the purchase of products after the GST absorbed the majority of indirect taxes.

– Under the GST, banks will be able to claim the input tax credit, unlike under the previous tax system. The banks can then use it to settle output liability.

– The GST has increased tax compliance and decreased tax evasion.



We can draw the conclusion that end users may pay more for financial transactions. Due to the registration of bank branches and inter branch services, banks would incur higher compliance costs. Operations, transactions, accounting, and compliance will all need to be thoroughly reevaluated due to the challenges and implications of the GST on the banking industry.