In terms of GST, What Do “Export” And “Import” Mean?

Exports and imports are essential to the growth of the economy because they combine foreign exchange across international borders. According to the GST Act, import refers to the supply of goods across international borders, whilst export refers to the provision of commodities outside of Indian borders.


Any goods imported into India in compliance with the IGST Act would also be subject to the IGST. Furthermore, if the goods are exported from India, the supply will be regarded as zero-rated. There won’t be a tax rate applied to it as a result. The procedure for import and export under the GST, the definition of import and export under the GST, and GST on import are all covered in this article.


This article will discuss the treatment of import and export under GST, what counts as an export under GST, and how GST is applied to import and export.


GST-covered imports

With the implementation of GST, a new tax system will be in place where it will be possible to maintain compliance at multiple levels while also preventing the loss of tax credits.


The key components of the Model GST Law are described in the following manner:

As per the Model Law, imports into the nation are deemed Inter-State supplies, hence anyone importing goods or services is required to pay Basic Customs Duty (BCD) and Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST). In this instance, IGST would include both the special additional duty (SAD) and the countervailing duty (CVD) (SAD). The present rates for Basic Customs Duty (BCD) on imported items remain unchanged. When it comes to services, the recipient of the service is responsible for paying the tax if the service provider is a permanent resident of another nation. It adopts the reverse charge theory, in which the person who receives the goods is responsible for collecting the tax from the provider and sending it to the government. The charges for CVD for imports are determined by the Maximum Retail Price (MRP) of the items. However, the transaction value, not the MRP, will be subject to IGST under the new model law. In prior instances, this would disclose the service provider’s profit margin. Therefore, the importer may restructure the capital to lessen the effects. The “Import and Sale” model is now available. Under this model, a credit will be given that is equal to the tax that was paid while the goods were being imported.


Learn more about GST imports

GST-covered exports

Due to the integration of value chains, the GST would eventually lead to the removal of obstacles between the several states, increasing exports’ competitiveness in the market.


Section 38 of the Central GST Act of 2016 states that as there is no GST at the moment, an exporter must export the products or services tax-free. In addition, IGST credits that were paid on imported goods and services can help the exporter. The tax paid on the inputs used to buy or make goods from the exported commodities can also be claimed back by the exporter.


GST comprises hefty federal and state levies, which will lead to higher-quality production. This will raise India’s exports and increase the competitiveness of its goods and services on the global market. Overall, the country’s taxation will become more uniform, which might lower import and export costs and make compliance simpler.



Due to the ease of claiming input tax credits and the availability of input tax credits on services, the export industry in India would be able to offer pricing that are competitive worldwide once GST was implemented.


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