What is MIS

The management needs MIS reports to evaluate the organization’s performance and facilitate quicker decision-making. Understanding a management information system, often known as MIS, requires understanding each of the words that make up the name. The management, the information, and the system are all present. Such a system, at its core, is one that will give crucial information to the business management.

Our dependence on cutting-edge technologies, which provide little tolerance for error, has increased as a result of the complexity of running businesses. On the one hand, it describes a management information system’s role in helping the organization’s management in an accurate manner. Spreadsheet software or outside applications are more frequently used by smaller organisations. Depending on their area of specialisation, goals, resources available, and size, organisations may have a wide variety of MIS. To monitor and evaluate a company’s sales, sales MIS reports are employed. They might contain details like sales volume, sales by region, sales by product, etc. The gathering, categorization, documentation, and generation of reports can all be automated by a business with a MIS system for the best possible analysis. But there are many other kinds of MIS reports as well, such as reports on production, finances, budgets, budgeted vs. actual profit, costs, and machine utilisation, among others.


Components of MIS

An efficient Management Information System consists of five key elements (MIS). Learn about their function first.An successful management information system has five key components (MIS).


Let’s examine their function in the MIS reporting system

Various users of the MIS system, or stakeholders



Volumes of data that must be processed and sent into the MIS system the procedures followed in the collection, storage, and analysis of data by the MIS system.



All computer hardware, including servers, workstations, printers, networking devices, etc, that is used to process data into information


An integrated group of computer systems and applications, such as operating systems, database management systems (DBMS), billing and point-of-sale (POS) software, accounting software, ERP/CRM software, etc., that are used to convert data


How Should a MIS Report Be Prepared?

MIS reports can be created manually or with MIS software. Small organisations might forego MIS investments in favour of using spreadsheets to generate reports for internal usage. Access


to complete and reliable raw data is a must for both techniques. The service of personnel with superior Microsoft Excel and MIS reporting skills is the most crucial necessity for producing manual MIS reports.


To manually prepare a MIS report, follow these steps:

  • Assemble raw data from several
  • Identify the report’s organisational
  • Establish the row and column
  • Sort and segment data according to the appropriate
  • Data that is not pertinent to the MIS report or decision-making should be filtered and
  • Utilizing pivot tables and Excel formulas, create a dashboard
  • Utilize sophisticated Excel selecting mechanisms and procedures to extract the final

The significance of MIS reports

Every firm needs frequent performance indicator data so they may make decisions and adjustments accordingly. Companies can require an overall picture of their success more regularly than just year-end financial performance. For example, a stakeholder may require up-to-date reports while deciding whether to make additional investments or expand their firm.

Management can use daily, weekly, monthly, or annual reports to monitor and forecast business performance when a good MIS is in place. Data inaccuracy, duplication, and redundancy are eliminated by an organised MIS.


Benefits of MIS Reports

Most firms depend on MIS reporting. A corporation can gain from a MIS in the following ways:


Handling of data

Before using the data for MIS reporting, employees examine and sort it. When a need occurs, having correct and organised data makes quick retrieval possible. Additionally, it aids in establishing a standard data entry procedure across the organisation, allowing the business to impose quality requirements.


Visual illustration


Large amounts of data can be time-consuming and, in some situations, deceptive when attempting to extract the pertinent information needed for decision-making. The same data can be displayed in MIS reports as it can in graphs, bars, pivot tables, and pie charts. Analyses are simpler to perform with visual aids.

Related: Different Chart and Graph Types


A comparative evaluation

Historical data can be kept in MIS for a very long time. In terms of income, profit, productivity, performance, investment, and spending, management can analyse records from many years ago. They can then evaluate the company’s flaws and strengths and develop both short- and long-term plans for its expansion.


Trend evaluation

Without a thorough examination, trends in a given business sector might not be apparent. MIS reporting can analyse positive or negative trends in relation to sales, production, customer service, finance, human resource, and other departments using a variety of stored criteria. In order to make the required decisions to increase productivity and income, management can then examine these trends.


Sharing of information

MIS gathers data from numerous sources and serves the diverse reporting needs for various management levels. We may create tailored reports for local and macro levels using the same data. The head of finance may use the same data to produce revenue estimates, whereas a sales manager may require monthly sales reports to track sales targets.


A long-term strategy

MIS reports offer a summary of the company’s operations based on recent data. For greater accuracy, management can also mix historical, current, and hypothetical reports. The management then develops long-term future strategies using the reports as a foundation.


The locating of issues

Development teams take into account a variety of characteristics and business-related aspects when creating MIS report templates. Then, using particular MIS data, executives start to identify trouble spots in various divisions. Top management can draw conclusions after using a visual depiction of the information.